COVID19 COVID-19 - Useful Info & Daily Stats
(Global, Canada, and Ontario)

This page contains links to useful information and graphs tracking the latest daily new confirmed cases of COVID-19 from a Global, Canada, Ontario, and Quebec perspective and also hospitalization & testing information for Ontario.  Those graphs are updated on a daily basis early morning each day.  There are also graphs for each Canadian province and territory showing the 7-day rolling average to see which ones are controlling their outbreak the best (updated weekly). Finally there are charts showing both the most common adult and pediatric signs and sympoms of infection and the most common underlying medical conditions that lead to hospitalization.  There is an Open Source epidemiological COVID-19 data set for Canada with visualizations.  You can also find graphs of cumulative cases and deaths for Canada and all the provinces on this site and also a site that shows maps and other information for Canada.

Useful information:

* COVID-19 advice for the public: Myth busters:  WHO
* COVID-19 Portal (Online self-assessment tool & test results): Ontario
* When and how to use masks: WHO Advice & WHO Videos * Plain Language Guide to Canadian Government Aid: Carleton University
* How to make cloth masks, sew & no-sew methods: CDC & Video * Interactive guide for Canadian benefits eligibility during COVID-19:  CTV
* How to remove gloves safely: CDC Infographic & Video * How to prepare for the COVID-19 pandemic: Ottawa Public Health
* Cover your cough: Video * Self-isolation & Social distancing instructions: Ottawa Public Health
* How to properly wash your hands: WHO Infographic & Video & Video
* Ontario Stats: https://www.ontario.ca/page/2019-novel-coronavirus
* How soap kills viruses and why it is effective: Video * Ontario Learn at Home Education: English & French
* Watch how easily germs spread: Video * COVID-19 free online training courses: OpenWHO
* Watch how COVID-19 is different and much worse than seasonal flu: Video * Information for Individuals & Communities, Workers & Employers:  WHO
* How to properly clean your mobile device: Video * Use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients with COVID-19: WHO
* Symptoms of COVID-19 vs Influenza vs Common Cold: Hindustan Times * Tips on how to stay safe during the pandemic: Foreign Policy
* When to use personal protective equipment (PPE): WHO * Why self-isolation 'flattens the curve': Washington Post
* How to stay physically active during self-quarantine: WHO * How to reduce self-isolation measures for the future: English & Francais
* Disinfecting your home if someone is sick: CDC and CDC Detailed
* How South Korea regained control of COVID-19: Video

Table of Contents

1. Canada, Ontario & Quebec Stats
2. Ontario Hospitalization, Testing Stats, & Daily Cases by Age
3. Canadian Provinces & Territories: Which are doing best?
4. City of Ottawa, ON, Canada Stats
5. Global Stats
6. Adult and Pediatric - Signs & Symptoms
7. Adult and Pediatric - Underlying Medical Conditions for Hospitalizations

Canada, Ontario & Quebec:

Note:  A big spike was manually corrected for Quebec/Canada cases on May 3, 2020 is from Quebec adding 1317 cases from April 2 to 30, 2020 that were not properly counted due to technical issues.

Canada source of data: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection.html


The following graph shows the number of tests completed to find each confirmed COVID-19 case for the provinces of Ontario and Quebec over time.  The higher the number, the greater the ratio of testing each province is doing.  For comparison, as of June 28, 2020, countries that had their outbreaks well under control such as Australia completed 310 tests for every confirmed case, Thailand has 148, and South Korea has 99 tests for every confirmed case according to worldometers.info.  Countries not doing so well with their outbreaks such as the Ukraine are doing 15 tests for every confirmed case, USA has 12, South Africa has 11, Mexico has 2.5, and Brazil has only 2.2 tests for every confirmed case.

Testing source of data: https://github.com/ishaberry/Covid19Canada/blob/master/testing_cumulative.csv


Ontario Hospitalization, Testing Stats, & Daily Cases By Age:

In the testing stats, you want to see that a location is completing enough tests every day to have a 3% or lower positive rate, otherwise they may not be doing enough testing to get a full picture of their outbreak.

Ontario source of data: https://data.ontario.ca/dataset/status-of-covid-19-cases-in-ontario

Ontario source of data: https://data.ontario.ca/en/dataset/confirmed-positive-cases-of-covid-19-in-ontario


Canadian Provinces & Territories: Which are doing best?

These graphs show the 7-day rolling average of *new* cases in each province and territory in Canada to see which ones are doing the best at controlling their COVID-19 outbreak.  Green is winning, yellow is nearly there, and red needs action.  Each graph uses its own scale to show the curve of the epidemic for that province or territory.  It is not about the number of cases in one province vs another, but how each province is controlling their own epidemic, whether cases are increasing, decreasing, or flat.  These graphs will be updated once a week on Sundays and are inspired by the global stats provided here.

















Provincial/Territory source of data: https://github.com/ishaberry/Covid19Canada/blob/master/timeseries_prov/cases_timeseries_prov.csv

Global:

Total worldwide confirmed cases now exceeds 17 million and 650,000 deaths.  It took 67 days to reach the first 100,000 cases, 11 days for the next 100,000, 4 days for the third 100,000, ~2 days for the fourth 100,000, less than 2 days until May 21, 2020 and less than a day for every 100,000 since. The blip in the global graph around March 17/18, 2020 is because the WHO changed their daily reporting time so numbers were lower for the shorter day.  The blip on March 22, 2020 from USA not reporting their new cases to WHO, and the blip on June 18, 2020 is from Chile reporting 36k old cases that were not previously reported.

Global source of data: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/situation-reports/


Adult and Pediatric - Signs & Symptoms:

The CDC looked at confirmed cases in the USA from Jan. 22 to May 30, 2020 where they had over 1,761,503 cases and 103,700 deaths. While 22% of their population consists of infants, children, and adolescents aged less than 18 years (children) only 5.3% of COVID-19 cases were among children.  The percentage of hospitalizations for pediatric patients was also lower at 3% compared to 14.6% of adult patients being hospitalized. Children less than 1 year of age accounted for the highest percentage (62%) of hospitalization among pediatric patients, while rates among the other age groups within children showed little variation.

Signs and Symptoms source of data: https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6914e4.htm

Adult and Pediatric - Underlying Medical Conditions for Hospitalizations:

The CDC also runs COVID-NET which tracks various information such as hospitalizations by age, characteristics of hospitalizations and underlying medical conditions.  In the USA, the most prevalent medical condition for adults who were hospitalized are those with high blood pressure (hypertension), followed closely by obesity, then metabolic disease (which includes diabetes), and cardiovascular disease.  You will notice that the top 4 conditions of this respiratory virus have impacts on the heart, blood, or cardiovascular system which are all interconnected.  Most of the underlying conditions people have already heard about come from China where obesity is not as big of an issue as in North America. This really highlights that obesity will also put people at high risk, especially since someone who is obese may have multiple other underlying medical conditions putting them at even higher risk if they get infected.  Those with chronic lung disease, renal disease, and asthma are also among the top conditions.  Interesting that people with compromised immune systems are actually lower in prevalence to most other conditions, although this may be a factor if an exaggerated immune response is part of the problem of people who are hospitalized, may play in their favour. Looking at the pediatric underlying medical conditions show that the majority of hospitalized have no known conditions, followed closely again by obesity.  Asthma has a bigger role with children vs adults, and many children are not old enough to develop some of the conditions that are more prevalent in adults which helps explain why they are very low.

Underlying medical conditions source of data: https://gis.cdc.gov/grasp/COVIDNet/COVID19_5.html



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